by aengelson | April 28th, 2010
Now that I’m writing fiction, I’ve been trying to catch up on some serious deficiencies in my reading knowledge. I hadn’t read Saul Bellow before, so I picked up his 1964 novel Herzog.
It’s a well-crafted book. Certainly, it’s dated, and the portraits of the middle-aged professor’s ex-wives are no more than crude sketches of difficult or weak women. But the overall effect is quite moving. The novel progresses forward in time only a little–not much happens. The title character, Moses Herzog, is a somewhat naive English professor from Chicago who breaks away from his second wife, drifts aimlessly for a bit, reaches out to his young daughter, and then returns, after a series of absurd mishaps, to an abandoned summer house in Massachusetts. Though nothing much happens, the character of Moses comes to life in flashbacks and scores of un-mailed letters he furiously write to anyone he can think of. Some are living and some not: adversarial colleagues, former president Eisenhower, a former friend who ran off with his second wife, his shrink, his lawyer, and Friederich Nietzsche among them.
Herzog is one of those wise fools–those who delight in the world of the mind, but are lost and flailing in the world of the body. He comes at a time–the early 1960s–when human roles were radically changing–women were gaining more power, material stability was much easier to find than during the Depression (in which both Herzog and Bellow grew up) and psychology began to pervade how we think about our lives. Herzog is at some levels a romantic (in the older philosophical sense)–someone who still half-believes in the idea of “unrequited love” instead of the more modern description: “hysterical obsession.” He loves his daughter fiercely, but marvels at how her mother can be such a figure of loathing to himself. He’s a man caught between ages–both in his own life and in the world around him.
It’s this concept of the wise fool that most fascinates me. Is all our knowledge, at some point, fairly useless in the conduct of our lives in the real world? I don’t necessarily think so, but a lot of it is. We accumulate knowledge–trivia, random facts, and even more weighty things like philosophy and poetry–but does it really help us in the end? Herzog’s studies of literature don’t provide him a whole lot of wisdom. He’ not completely crazy–unlike the deranged academic in Nabokov’s mock-epic Pale Fire. But he’s definitely reached a breaking point in mid-life.
Often, we’re like the Fool in the tarot deck, head in the clouds, about to unwittingly step off the cliff, with the dog of necessity nipping at our heels.
I couldn’t help thinking that if Herzog lived in the internet age, his fall would have come much more quickly–he’d have clicked “send” on those rambling e-mails–some we’d call “flames” in the current terminology. Or he’d have posted something he’d later regret on his Facebook or Twitter page. All the while struggling to keep his mouth shut–impossible of course, for this verbose, high-minded, passionate anachronism. In short, a human being.